seed production of tomato ppt

The seedlings are sprayed with a starter solution of micronutrient. Processing Tomato Production Life cycle analysis (LCA) has been utilized recently to quantify the energy use, gas house emissions (GHG) and water use in two organic and conventionally grown processing tomato products, e.g., canned paste and canned diced tomatoes (Brodt et al., 2013). Tomato is a warm season crop, it requires a warm and cool climate. Cost of seed treatment for Tomato production: Seed treatment is done with thiram @ 3g/ kg seed or metalaxyl @ 3 g/ kg seed to control soil and seed borne plant pathogens and Imidacloprid @ 5 g/ kg seed to control the sucking pests. Time of planting: Tomato can be grown in any season as it is a day neutral plant. Half the dose of nitrogen, full phosphorus and half of potash may be applied as basal before transplanting. Details of Cost : Benefit of Hybrid Tomato PARTICULAR EXPENCES (Rs) Nursery 8000.00 Land Preparation 3000.00 Fertilizer 4000.00 Irrigations 3000.00 Crop Protection 4000.00 Labor Charge 26000.00 Bamboo 5000.00 Wire Decided to come back to farming, agriculture sector as a Farmer and Writer. The seedlings are planted in the furrows at a spacing of 30 cm and the plant is allowed to spread on the broad ridge. Seed scar is round or square. In the southern plains where there is no danger of frost, The first transplanting is done in December-January, Second June-July Third in September-October depending on the irrigation facilities available. Avoid water stress and long dry period as it causes cracking of fruits. The seed quality of tomato is affected by factors such as seed extraction method, duration and fermentation temperature for seed extraction and fruit maturity (Kailappan and Karunanithy, 2006).Tomato seed extraction involves a treatment to remove the gelatinous coating around the seeds. Arka Saurabh, Arka Vikas, Arka Ahuti, Arka Ashish, Arka Abha , Arka Alok, HS101, HS102, HS110, Hisar Arun, Hisar Lalima, Hisar Lalit, Hisar Anmol, KS.2, Narendra Tomato 1, Narendra Tomato 2,  Pusa Red Plum,  Pusa Early Dwarf, Pusa Ruby, Co-1, CO 2, CO 3, S-12, Punjab Chhuhara, PKM 1, Pusa Ruby, Paiyur-1, Shakthi, SL 120, Pusa Gaurav, S 12, Pant Bahar, Pant T3, Solan Gola and Arka Meghali. For indeterminate varieties/hybrids, the seedlings have to be staked using bamboo sticks of two-meter length or planted in the broad ridge of 90 cm width and 15 cm height. I want to start a tomato farming, is chicken manure and sawdust good for fertilization? The upper layer of soil should be porous with little sand and good clay in the subsoil. There is a need for light hoeing during the first four weeks in the field which encourage the growth but also remove the weeds from the field. Seed treatment with B. naphthoxyacetic acid (BNOA) at 25 and 50 ppm, gibberellic acid (GA3) at 5-20 ppm and chlorophenoxy acetic at 10 and 20 ppm was found to improve the growth and yield of tomato. The spacing recommended for the autumn-winter crop is 75 x 60 cm and for the spring-summer crop 75 x 45 cm. Tomato seed production Manure applications in Fall (high organic matter requirements). pH 6.0 – 6.5 Needs N-P-K Mechanical and chemical insect and weed control. The spacing recommended for the autumn-winter crop is 75 cm x 60 cm and for spring summer crop 75 cm x 45 cm. Hybrid seeds from F1 generation are advantageous for sowing as it gives early and high yield uniform fruity, resistant to adverse environmental conditions. Sow the seeds thinly spaced in lines, press gently, cover with fine sand and then cover the bed with straw. • In Tomato, the known weight of ripened tomato fruits is fed into the pulper machine. At the time of transplanting, seedlings are harder by exposing to open weather or by withholding irrigation. (3) Mechanical Seed Extraction • This method is mainly used in vegetables like, Tomato, Brinjal and Chilli. The seeds for sowing should be free from inert matter. Bright sunshine at the time of fruit set helps to develop dark red colored fruits. You have entered an incorrect email address! Vegetable Seed Production Good Practice Guide 5 SEED PRODUCTION GOOD PRACTICE Good practice from the Seed Company’s perspective 1. Tomato is moderately tolerant to acid a soil that is a pH of 5.5. Hybrid Seed Production of Tomato 1. A fertilizer dose of 75:40:25 kg N:P 2O5:K2O/hectare may be given. <>/ExtGState<>/XObject<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 594.96 842.04] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> In other words, seed production must be carried out under standardized and well-organized condition. (Table-1.2). Mono Ammonium Phosphate (MAP) may be used as a starter fertilizer to supply adequate phosphorus during germination and seedling stages. Normally tomato crop requires 120 kg Nitrogen (N), 50 kg Phosphorus (P2O5), and 50 kg Potash (K2O). Fruit size predominately extra large, uniform, and very similar to Mariana. Principal tomato production regions are located in south Florida, central Florida (south of Tampa), and a small production region in northwest Florida. The details regarding seasonality and harvesting period of Tomato crop in the country are given in Table-1.1 I want to follow your farming strategies on vegetables like : tomatoes, cabbage, garden eggs and pepper. Storage Seeds dried to 7 - 8 % moisture content and treated with carbendazim 50 % WP @ 2 g / kg seed or Halogen formulation (Bleaching powder + CaCO3 + arappu leaf powder @ 5:4:1) @ 3 g / kg seed can be stored upto10 months in cloth bag and upto 18 months in moisture vapour proof containers. It also plays significant role in the maximization of profits from the intervention in seed production. Early germinating, bold, uniform in shape and size, seeds are selected for sowing. Depending on location, fresh-market tomatoes are produced in Pennsylvania from the first of June (in a high tunnel) to the end of October. All cultivars are listed in order of maturity (early to late.) 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