temperate grassland birds

Erckel's Francolin: This partridge was introduced to Hawaii in 1957. Rapid direct flight with strong wing beats. Sharp, black bill. It has a swift and direct flight. Red-necked Stint: This small sandpiper has mottled brown upperparts and streaked cap. Bill is black, thin, and short. Red-crested Cardinal: Native to South America, this bird has a bright red head, crest, face, chin and upper breast. Tail is long and pointed in flight, extends past the pink legs and feet, and fans to wedge-shaped when banking turns or landing. Legs and feet orange. Strong direct flight with rapid wing beats. Oriental Pratincole: Small, gray-brown wader-like bird with white belly, vent, and rump. Native to Southeast Asia, where they have been popular as cage birds. Winter bird (shown) has gray upperparts and white underparts. The female is more dull in color and has paler underparts. Head and underparts are buff to cinnamon with white throat and vent. Arctic Warbler: Medium-sized, active warbler with stout bill, olive-green back, olive-brown sides, and white throat and belly. The red bill is black-tipped, legs are red, and the tail is deeply forked and elongated. Short, orange-yellow legs and feet. Brahminy Kite: Large, chestnut-colored raptor with white head and breast. It flies in a straight line formation. Feeds in open areas, normally on the ground. Small ear tufts. Micronesian Myzomela: Small, deep red honeyeater with black belly, vent, wings, and tail. The plants, which dominate the temperate grasslands, are shrubland, shrubs, trees and grasses. Wings have two white bars. White throat has dark moustache stripe. Bendire's Thrasher: Medium thrasher with olive-brown upperparts, spotted buff underparts. Alternates rapid wing beats with brief periods of wings pulled to sides. Alternates deep flaps and glides, soars on thermals. They feed mostly on aquatic plants and seeds. Wings are held low in flight, depressed far below body at bottom of downstroke. Dark wings with two white bars. Plain-capped Starthroat: Medium-sized hummingbird with iridescent bronze-green upperparts and head, red throat, white face interrupted by black eyestripe, and pale gray underparts. Back, wings, and rump display a dramatic black-and-white pattern in flight. Both sexes are similar in appearance. Swims and dives for crustaceans and small fish. Strong direct flight. Strong direct flight on rapid wing beats. Weak fluttering direct flight with shallow wing beats. Five-striped Sparrow: Medium sparrow, dark, gray-brown upperparts, gray underparts, white belly. White, moustache-striped face has pale eyebrows joining at back of head. It can be distinguished from sparrows by its longer bill and habit of wagging its tail up and down. European Golden-Plover: Largest of the golden plovers, showing black crown, throat, neck and upperparts with small bright gold spotting. Feeds mainly on small marine fish. Lapland Longspur: Medium sparrow-like bird, brown-streaked black back. Bouyant, erratic flight with slow, silent wingbeats. Stilt Sandpiper: This medium-sized sandpiper has gray-brown upperparts, white rump, heavily barred white underparts, dark cap, white eyebrows and brown ear patches. Forages by scratching on the ground. Tail dark with white undertail coverts. Large, black eye. Tail is gray with black edges and long black streamers. Sexes are similar. The eye-line is dark, the eyebrow is white, and the rump is cinnamon-brown. Crown is blue-black, bill is short and black. Short flight, alternates several rapid wing beats with wings pulled to sides. Long, keeled tail. Has been clocked in a steep glide at 120 mph. Black-and-white Warbler: Small, black-and-white striped warbler with a white median head stripe bordered by black. Click for more detail. Introduced to North America as a game bird in the early 1900s. Savannah Sparrow: Small sparrow, dark-streaked, gray-brown upperparts, white underparts, heavy streaks on breast and sides. Most common swan in North America. Long-billed Thrasher: Medium, shy thrasher with gray-washed brown upperparts and heavily streaked, pale underparts. Gleans from bushes, weeds and trees. The head has a black crown, white face and throat, and a stout, heavy bill. Short, broad wings. Dark morph is dark gray with pale streaks on throat and upper breast. Juvenile brown with some white on head, pale patch on base of primaries, buff streaks on underparts, and black primaries. Long tail is dark, white edged. Lark Bunting: Large sparrow, nearly black with large white wing patches, short, white-edged tail, and heavy, blue-gray bill. Direct flight with rapid wing beats. Wings are long, dark gray with white bars, nearly covering tail when folded. Wings are black with white patches. Sagebrush Sparrow: Medium sparrow, dark-streaked brown back, white underparts with central breast spot, streaks on sides. Barn Owl: This medium-sized owl has a glaring white, heart-shaped facial disk, no ear tufts and long legs. Eats insects, larvae, carrion. Greater prairie-chicken Tympanuchus cupido. Eats crustaceans, marine worms, insects, larvae, invertebrates. Eyes are red and bill is orange-red with black tip. Wings show bright patch of orange-brown on coverts. Yellow legs and bill turn reddish during the breeding season. Feeds on algae and aquatic plants, insects and insect larvae. Forages on the ground; feeds on grass, seeds, grains, clover and berries. Tail is long and scissor-like, black above with white outer edges and white below with black inner edges. Direct flight with rapid wing beats. Medium black-gray legs and feet. Red-orange legs and feet. Eats mostly fresh grasses and grains, often in the company of Snow Geese. The wings are short and the tail is medium in length. Diet includes aquatic vegetation and grass. Field guides, illustrations, and database Copyright © 2004 - 2013. Suddenly a cheetah leaps from its hiding place, and the animals zig and zag across the savanna. Bill and legs are olive-brown. Common Tern: This medium-sized tern has medium gray upperparts, pale gray underparts and a glossy black cap and nape. Swift bouncy flight, alternates rapid wing beats with wings pulled to sides. Bill is pink. Its pale brown under wings are visible in flight. Feeds mainly on small mammals. Flight is erratic with flopping wing beats. Female is smaller, duller, and lacks spurs and beard. It has feathers on legs and toes to help it walk in the snow and stay warm. Rose-breasted Grosbeak: Large finch, black head, back, bright red breast, and white rump, sides, belly. Wings are brown with two pale bars. Eastern Yellow Wagtail (Palau): Small wagtail (tschutschensis), with olive-green upperparts and yellow underparts with brown spots on sides of breast. Bronzed Cowbird: Small blackbird (aeneus), brown-black overall with blue sheen on wings and tail. Gray legs, feet. Greater White-fronted Goose: This medium-sized goose has a dark-brown body and the underparts are barred and flecked with black. White collar is distinct. Travels alone or in small flocks. Bill, legs and feet are black. Named for tiny hooks found on outer primary feathers. It has a black bill with yellow cere and pale yellow legs and feet. Swift direct flight with rapid wing beats. Hudsonian Godwit: Large sandpiper with white-scaled, brown-black upperparts, black-barred chestnut-brown underparts. Wilson's Snipe: This medium-sized sandpiper has brown and black mottled upperparts, buff striped back, white underparts, dark bars on sides and flanks, heavily streaked head, neck and breast, and yellow-green legs and feet. Orange-red uppertail coverts are very long and extend over the short, brown tail. Short flights, alternates rapid wing beats with brief periods of the wings pulled to sides. Temperate grasslands can be divided into prairies and steppes. Wings are gray-brown with rufous primaries. It feeds mainly on grass seeds. It has a slightly curved black bill. Rare visitor to Alaska. Wings are glossed with green. Head appears black with white splotches surrounding the eyes, and throat is white with black streaks. Flies close to ground or soars on thermals and updrafts. Thick bill, pale base, two long central feathers twisted vertically on tail. Bristle-thighed Curlew: This large brown-streaked shorebird has a long decurved bill. Juvenile gray-brown with white streaks, some spots on wings, more yellow on bill. Orange-winged Parrot: Medium green parrot, yellow head, broad blue eyebrow. Wings have faint pale bar on tips of greater coverts. Dusky White-eye: Tiny, warbler-like bird with red-brown eye, brown-gray plumage above and on head, and olive-gray below. Walks on ground, wades in water to forage. Swift flight on rapidly beating wings. Catches insects in flight. Wedge-tailed Shearwater Dark Morph: This large shearwater is dark brown overall with a black-tipped, dark gray bill. Unlike other ptarmigans, the male stays with the female and defends its nest-it is known to attack anything that comes to close. Sexes are similar. Gray morph is a mix. Sexes are similar. Large, black-gray bill with pink-buff base has slightly upcurved mandible. Rock Ptarmigan: Small grouse with black, brown, and buff mottled upperparts, white underparts with variable dark mottling, and white wings. Weak flight with rapid, shallow wing beats. Throat and breast are paler blue, and belly and undertail coverts are white. The head has a black crown, face, and bill and the wings are brown. It has a direct flight, hovering above water before diving for prey. Head is paler than body, dark mark around eye. Marbled Godwit: This large sandpiper has black-marked, dark brown upperparts, and lightly barred, chestnut-brown underparts. Has pointed wings and short, square tail. Wings are dark. Turns back sharply on insects it passes. Dark eye-lines contrast with pale yellow eyebrows curving upward behind eyes. Swift flight with rapid wing beats. Northern Mockingbird: This medium-sized bird has gray upperparts, paler gray underparts and a faint eye line. Glides between perches. Common Black Hawk: Large hawk, nearly all black with white patch just behind bill. Bill is gray. Feeds on marine invertebrates, insects, fish, fruits, seeds, carrion, refuse, eggs of seabirds. The female is larger in size. Cattle Egret (Palau): Small, short-necked and stocky egret with white body and pale orange-brown patches on head, neck and back. Gray-black wings with light brown edging and one white bar in shoulder. Fulvous Whistling-Duck: Large, long-legged, long-necked duck with dark brown back and white V-shaped rump patch. Weak flight with legs dangling, drops back into vegetation after a short distance. Sexes similar. Alternates several deep flaps with glides and fast wing beats. Wings and spectacularly long, deeply forked tail are black. Sexes are similar. It mainly feeds on plants. Wings have large white bars. Emperor Goose: This small goose has slate-gray plumage that is subtly barred in white and black. Face, breast, rump are olive-green; cap, nape are gray. Legs and feet are gray. Unlike savannas, where there is a large diversity of animals present, temperate grasslands are generally dominated by just a few species of herbivores such as bison, rabbits, deer, antelope, gophers, prairie dogs,and antelopes. Common Redshank: Large sandpiper, scaled black and brown upperparts, dark-streaked neck and breast, white eye-ring broken in front, pale belly and sides with dark chevrons. Flight is silent and bouyant on flicking wing beats. Glides from altitude to perch or ground. It has a rufous crown, white eye ring and dark brown wings. It feeds on small mammals and some birds. Sexes are similar, but males are larger. The tail and rump show rust-brown in flight. Legs and feet are gray-brown. The legs are orange. Swift bounding flight, alternates rapid wing beats with wings pulled to sides. This product and/or its method of use is covered by one or more of the following patent(s): US patent number 7,363,309 and foreign equivalents. In flight shows white flight feathers with thin dark bands and dark wingtips. It has a dark brown back, black face and black underparts with white-mottled flanks; a white S-shaped mark extends from above the eye to along sides. Legs and feet are black. It has a swift direct flight, sometimes at great heights. Wings are brown and lack bars. Female and juvenile pale, gray-brown with black flight feathers and bill, and white shoulder, belly, and vent. Feeds mostly on insects but also eats seeds. Wings are tinged rust-brown. Underparts are black-spotted pale brown with black crescent on breast. Sexes and juvenile similar. The upper half of the tail is white, lower half is finely banded. Bill, legs and feet are black. Climate Temperate grasslands have a temperate continental climate, which is cooler than savannas. White head has a dark tuft, black eye patch and chin. Black bill, legs and feet. Forages on ground, walking with tail cocked above back. Red frontal shield and bill with yellow tip. It has a direct flight with steady quick wing beats. Lewis's Woodpecker: Medium woodpecker with dark green-black upperparts and hood. Swift direct flight with rapid wing beats. Wing speculum is green with buff upper and white lower border. This biome experiences long, hot summers depending on the latitude of the temperate grassland. Bill is short and the legs and feet are pink. Wings are brown with chestnut-brown patches. Eye-ring is dull white; throat is white. The wings are gray with two black bars. Common Gallinule: Medium, chicken-like marsh bird with gray-brown back and slate-gray head, neck, breast, and belly. Western Screech-Owl: Small owl (kennicotti), distinct ear tufts, brown- or gray-mottled upperparts, white shoulder spots, streaked, barred underparts. Cinnamon Hummingbird: Medium size, bicolored hummingbird with bronze green upperparts and cinnamon colored underparts. It has a direct steady flight on heavy and labored wing beats, with a slow down stroke and a rapid and jerky upstroke. Upper mandible is dark, lower mandible is pale orange-brown. Face is boldly patterned black and white; head has a rounded light brown crest. The legs and feet are blue-gray. Forages on ground. Bar-tailed Godwit: This large shorebird has a long upcurved bill, scaled brown, black and gray mottled upperparts and pale red-brown underparts. Feeds on grains, fruits, insects, carrion, refuse, and eggs and young of other birds. Gray head has black ear patches, white eyebrows. The sexes are similar. It has a swift direct flight with rapid wing beats. Catches and eats insects in flight and also forages on the ground. Alternates rapid wing beats with a glide. Tail is long, olive-brown above, black with white tips below, and has brown undertail coverts. Wings are pale below with dark bar at leading edge and dark tips. Yellow crown patch is usually concealed. Pomarine Jaeger: The dar morph of this large jaeger is dark brown except for white patches near underwing tips and sides of under tail. Ross's Goose: Small, white goose with black primary feathers and stubby gray-based red-orange bill. Brown Shrike: Small shrike, with warm brown upperparts and buff underparts. Sexes are similar. Broad white stripe from eye to sides of breast. Scaly-breasted Munia: Small finch, brown head, throat, back, and wings. Tail is long and round-tipped with faint bars. Winter adult and juvenile are white and with dull yellow-orange eyes and bill, legs are green-black. Juveniles of all forms are heavily streaked brown with darker heads, white bellies, and white outer tail feathers. The bill is red-orange, the legs and feet are black, and it has faint barring on the upperparts and flanks. Slow weak flight, alternates periods of rapid wing beats with wings pulled to sides. Black Francolin: The male has a black head and breast flanks with white spots, rufous collar and belly, a brown crown and white cheek patches. Diet includes insects, larvae, mollusks and crabs. Cap and face are black. Its long barred tail and white rump are conspicuous in flight. Wing linings are white. Undertail coverts are white. Long-billed Dowitcher: This large, stocky sandpiper has dark, mottled upperparts, dark cap and eye stripe, short white eyebrow, and red-brown underparts with lightly barred flanks. Alternates rapid wing beats with pulling wings to body. Cackling Goose: This small to medium-sized goose has a mottled gray-brown body, black legs, tail, neck, head and face, with a white chin strap stretching from ear to ear and a white rump band. Sexes are similar. Eyebrows are pale brown. Sexes are similar. The light morph is dark brown above, cream below with brown flecks on upper breast, and the dark morph is dark-brown overall with variably gray and brown tinge along underparts. Dark wings with white trailing edges visible in flight. The white-edged side and flank feathers form a striking border between sides and back. Ruddy Ground-Dove: Small dove with rufous upperparts, pale pink-gray underparts, and pale gray head. Fairly high rapid flight. Wings are plain olive-brown. Inconspicuous spines extend past web at tips of tail feathers. The legs and feet are yellow. Long gray-brown wings, red-brown wing lining. Chinese Pond-Heron: Small, stocky white heron with red-brown head and neck, chestnut breast, slate-gray back, yellow-white around eye, and white chin and line down front of neck. Feeds mostly on seeds, grains and insects. Tail is dark with white edges. Swift flight, alternates rapid wing beats with wings pulled to sides. Eyes are yellow-orange. Throat, flanks, belly, and vent are brown-gray. Swainson's Warbler: Medium-sized warbler with olive-brown upperparts and pale gray underparts. Rapid direct flight with steady wing beats. Face is buff with black stripe behind eye. Feeds on seeds and insects. Found in open meadows and marsh edges. It has a fast direct flight with rapid wing beats. Winter adult has less black on head, black bill, and duller legs. 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